centos 安装oracle 11g r2(一)—–软件安装

1、进入管理员权限

[anzerong@localhost ~]# su – root password 

[root@localhost ~]#

2、创建用户组oinstall

[root@localhost ~]# groupadd oinstall

3、创建用户组dba

[root@localhost ~]# groupadd dba

4、创建oracle用户,并加入到oinstall和dba用户组

[root@localhost ~]# useradd -g oinstall -g dba -m oracle

5、设置用户oracle的登陆密码,不设置密码,在CentOS的图形登陆界面没法登陆

[root@localhost ~]# passwd oracle 

Changing passwordforuser oracle.

New password:# 密码BAD PASSWORD: 

The passwordisshorter than characters

Retypenewpassword:# 再次输入密码passwd: 

all authentication tokens updated successfully.

6、查看新建的oracle用户

[root@localhost ~]# id oracle

uid=1001(oracle) gid=1002(dba) groups=1002(dba)

7、进入根目录

[root@localhost ~]# cd /.

8、创建oracle数据库安装目录

[root@localhost /]# mkdir -p /data/oracle

9、创建oracle数据库配置文件目录

[root@localhost /]# mkdir -p /data/oraInventory

10、创建oracle数据库软件包解压目录

[root@localhost /]# mkdir -p /data/database

11、创建完后检查一下

[root@localhost /]# cd /data

[root@localhostdata]# ls database oracle  oraInventory

12、设置目录所有者为oinstall用户组的oracle用户

[root@localhostdata]# chown -R oracle:oinstall /data/oracle

[root@localhostdata]# chown -R oracle:oinstall /data/oraInventory

[root@localhostdata]# chown -R oracle:oinstall /data/database

13、修改OS系统标识(oracle默认不支持CentOS系统安装,但是centos与redhat的关系自行百度)

[root@localhost data]#cat /proc/version

Linuxversion3.10.0-514.26.2.el7.x86_64(builder@kbuilder.dev.centos.org) (gcc version4.8.520150623(Red Hat4.8.5-11) (GCC) )#1SMPTueJul415:04:05UTC2017

[root@localhost data]#cat /etc/redhat-release

CentOSLinuxrelease7.3.1611(Core)

[root@localhost data]#vi /etc/redhat-release

[root@localhost data]#cat /etc/redhat-release 

redhat-7

14、安装oracle数据库所需要的软件包

[root@localhostdata]# yum install binutils compat-libcap1 gcc gcc-c++ glibc glibc-devel ksh libaio libaio-devel libgcc libstdc++ libstdc++-devel libXi  libXtst make sysstat unixODBC unixODBC-devel glibc elfutils-libelf-devel compat*

[root@ljg ~]#yum install binutils-2.* compat-libstdc++-33* elfutils-libelf-0.* elfutils-libelf-devel-* gcc-4.* gcc-c++-4.* glibc-2.* glibc-common-2.* glibc-devel-2.* glibc-headers-2.* ksh-2* libaio-0.* libaio-devel-0.* libgcc-4.* libstdc++-4.* libstdc++-devel-4.* make-3.* sysstat-7.* unixODBC-2.* unixODBC-devel-2.* pdksh*

15、查看防火墙状态(运行中)

[root@localhost data]#systemctl status

firewalld.service●firewalld.service-firewalld-dynamicfirewalldaemonLoaded:loaded(/usr/lib/systemd/system/firewalld.service; enabled; vendorpreset: enabled)Active:active(running)sinceWed2017-09-1309:23:08CST;25minagoDocs:man:firewalld(1)MainPID:641(firewalld)CGroup: /system.slice/firewalld.service└─641/usr/bin/python-Es/usr/sbin/firewalld–nofork–nopidSep1309:22:58localhost.localdomainsystemd[1]:Startingfirewalld-dynami…Sep1309:23:08localhost.localdomainsystemd[1]:Startedfirewalld-dynamic…Hint:Somelineswereellipsized,use-ltoshowinfull.

16、关闭防火墙

[root@localhostdata]# systemctl stop firewalld.service

17、查看防火墙状态(已关闭)

[root@localhostdata]#systemctl status

firewalld.service●firewalld.service-firewalld-dynamicfirewalldaemon  Loaded:loaded(/usr/lib/systemd/system/firewalld.service;

enabled;vendorpreset:enabled)  Active:inactive(dead)sinceWed2017-09-1309:48:55CST;10sago    Docs:man:firewalld(1)  Process:641ExecStart=/usr/sbin/firewalld–nofork–nopid$FIREWALLD_ARGS(code=exited,status=0/SUCCESS)MainPID:641(code=exited,status=0/SUCCESS)Sep1309:22:58localhost.localdomainsystemd[1]:Startingfirewalld-dynami…Sep1309:23:08localhost.localdomainsystemd[1]:Startedfirewalld-dynamic…Sep1309:48:54localhost.localdomainsystemd[1]:Stoppingfirewalld-dynami…Sep1309:48:55localhost.localdomainsystemd[1]:Stoppedfirewalld-dynamic…Hint:Somelineswereellipsized,use-ltoshowinfull.

18、禁止使用防火墙(重启也是禁止的)

[root@localhost data]# systemctl disable 

firewalld.serviceRemovedsymlink/etc/systemd/system/dbus-org.fedoraproject.FirewallD1.service.Removedsymlink/etc/systemd/system/basic.target.wants/firewalld.service.

19、关闭selinux(需重启生效)

[root@localhostdata]# vi /etc/selinux/config

[root@localhostdata]# cat /etc/selinux/config

/etc/selinux/config 最终文档为:

This file controls the state of SELinux on the system.

SELINUX= can take one of these three values:

enforcing – SELinux security policy is enforced.

permissive – SELinux prints warnings instead of enforcing.

disabled – No SELinux policy is loaded.

#此处修改为disabled

SELINUX=disabled 

SELINUXTYPE= can take one of three two values:

targeted – Targeted processes are protected,

minimum – Modification of targeted policy. Only selected processes are protected.

mls – Multi Level Security protection.

SELINUXTYPE=targeted

20、修改内核参数(加入斜体部分)

[root@local++hostdata]# vi /etc/sysctl.conf

[root@localhostdata]# cat /etc/sysctl.conf

sysctl settings are defined through files in

/usr/lib/sysctl.d/, /run/sysctl.d/, and /etc/sysctl.d/.

#

Vendors settings live in /usr/lib/sysctl.d/.

To override a whole file, create a new file with the same in

/etc/sysctl.d/ and put new settings there. To override

only specific settings, add a file with a lexically later

name in /etc/sysctl.d/ and put new settings there.

#

For more information, see sysctl.conf(5) and sysctl.d(5).

net.ipv4.icmp_echo_ignore_broadcasts = 1

net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter = 1

#设置最大打开文件数

fs.file-max = 6815744

fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576

#共享内存的总量,8G内存设置:2097152*4k/1024/1024

kernel.shmall = 2097152

#最大共享内存的段大小

kernel.shmmax = 2147483648

#整个系统共享内存端的最大数

kernel.shmmni = 4096

kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128

#可使用的IPv4端口范围

net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500

net.core.rmem_default = 262144

net.core.rmem_max= 4194304

net.core.wmem_default= 262144

net.core.wmem_max= 1048576

21、使配置修改内核的参数生效

[root@localhostdata]# sysctl -p

net.ipv4.icmp_echo_ignore_broadcasts = 1

net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter = 1

#设置最大打开文件数

fs.file-max = 6815744

fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576

#共享内存的总量,8G内存设置:2097152*4k/1024/1024

kernel.shmall = 2097152

#最大共享内存的段大小

kernel.shmmax = 2147483648

#整个系统共享内存端的最大数

kernel.shmmni = 4096

kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128

#可使用的IPv4端口范围

net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500

net.core.rmem_default = 262144

net.core.rmem_max= 4194304

net.core.wmem_default= 262144

net.core.wmem_max= 1048576

22、对oracle用户设置限制,提高软件运行性能(斜体为添加部分)

[root@localhostdata]# vi /etc/security/limits.conf

[root@localhostdata]# cat /etc/security/limits.conf

/etc/security/limits.conf

#

#This file sets the resource limits for the users logged in via PAM.

#It does not affect resource limits of the system services.

#

#Also note that configuration files in /etc/security/limits.d directory,

#which are read in alphabetical order, override the settings in this

#file in case the domain is the same or more specific.

#That means for example that setting a limit for wildcard domain here

#can be overriden with a wildcard setting in a config file in the

#subdirectory, but a user specific setting here can be overriden only

#with a user specific setting in the subdirectory.

#

#Each line describes a limit for a user in the form:

#

#

#Where:

# can be:

– a user name

– a group name, with @group syntax

– the wildcard *, for default entry

– the wildcard %, can be also used with %group syntax,

for maxlogin limit

#

# can have the two values:

– “soft” for enforcing the soft limits

– “hard” for enforcing hard limits

#

# can be one of the following:

– core – limits the core file size (KB)

– data – max data size (KB)

– fsize – maximum filesize (KB)

– memlock – max locked-in-memory address space (KB)

– nofile – max number of open file descriptors

– rss – max resident set size (KB)

– stack – max stack size (KB)

– cpu – max CPU time (MIN)

– nproc – max number of processes

– as – address space limit (KB)

– maxlogins – max number of logins for this user

– maxsyslogins – max number of logins on the system

– priority – the priority to run user process with

– locks – max number of file locks the user can hold

– sigpending – max number of pending signals

– msgqueue – max memory used by POSIX message queues (bytes)

– nice – max nice priority allowed to raise to values: [-20, 19]

– rtprio – max realtime priority

#

#* soft core 0

#* hard rss 10000

#@student hard nproc 20

#@faculty soft nproc 20

#@faculty hard nproc 50

#ftp hard nproc 0

#@student – maxlogins 4

oracle soft nproc 2047

oracle hard nproc 16384

oracle soft nofile 1024

oracle hard nofile 65536

End of file

23、配置用户的环境变量(斜体部分为添加代码)

[root@localhostdata]# vi /home/oracle/.bash_profile

[root@localhostdata]# cat /home/oracle/.bash_profile

.bash_profile

Get the aliases and functions

if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then

. ~/.bashrc

fi

User specific environment and startup programs

PATH=PATH:HOME/.local/bin:HOME/bin:/usr/bin

export PATH

#oracle数据库安装目录

export ORACLE_BASE=/data/oracle/app

#oracle数据库路径

export ORACLE_HOME=ORACLE_BASE/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1

#oracle启动数据库实例名

export ORACLE_SID=orcl

#xterm窗口模式安装

export ORACLE_TERM=xterm

#添加系统环境变量

export PATH=ORACLE_HOME/bin:/usr/sbin:PATH

#添加系统环境变量

export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib

#防止安装过程出现乱码

export LANG=C

#设置Oracle客户端字符集,必须与Oracle安装时设置的字符集保持一致

export NLS_LANG=AMERICAN_AMERICA.ZHS16GBK

24、使用户的环境变量配置立即生效

[root@localhostdata]# source /home/oracle/.bash_profile

25、将安装包移动到/usr/local/src路径下

[root@localhost ~]# cd /.

[root@localhost /]# cd /home/anzerong/Desktop/

[root@localhost Desktop]# ls linux.x64_11gR2_database_1of2.zip  linux.x64_11gR2_database_2of2.zip

[root@localhost Desktop]# mv linux.x64_11gR2_database_1of2.zip /usr/local/src

[root@localhost Desktop]# ls linux.x64_11gR2_database_2of2.zip

[root@localhost Desktop]# mv linux.x64_11gR2_database_2of2.zip /usr/local/src

26、重启系统,确保所有设置生效

[root@localhost Desktop]# reboot

27、从oracle用户进入/usr/local/src目录

[oracle@localhost/]cd /usr/local/src

[oracle@localhostsrc] ls p13390677_112040_Linux-x86-64_1of7.zip  p13390677_112040_Linux-x86-64_2of7.zip.zip

28、解压两个软件包至/data/database/目录下

[oracle@localhost src]unzip p13390677_112040_Linux-x86-64_1of7.zip -d /data/database

/#解压(省略…)

[oracle@localhost src] unzip p13390677_112040_Linux-x86-64_2of7.zip -d /data/database/

#解压(省略…)

29、进入管理员权限

[oracle@localhostsrc]su root Password:

30、设置目录所有者为oinstall用户组的oracle用户

[root@localhost src]#chown -R oracle:oinstall /data/database/database/

31、执行安装脚本

[oracle@localhost /] cd /data/database/database/

[oracle@localhost database]ls

doc  install  response  rpm  runInstaller  sshsetup  stage  welcome.html

[oracle@localhost database] ./runInstaller

Starting Oracle Universal Installer…

(省略…)

如失败,执行下面命令

./runInstaller -jreLoc /usr/lib/jvm/java-1.8.0-openjdk-1.8.0.232.b09-0.el7_7.x86_64/jre/

oracle图形化安装界面打开

图形界面打不开执行下面代码

root用户,在同一和命令窗口下,命令:(一行一个)

export DISPLAY=localhost:1.0

xhost +

32、++Configure Security Updates++

去掉 I wish to receive security updates via My Oracle Support.

点击 “Nest >”

33、++Installation Option++

选择第二项 Install database software only

点击 “Nest >”

34、++Grid Options++

选择单例模式 Single instance database installation

点击 “Nest >”

35、++Product Languages++

选择英语 English(根据系统默认选择好了)

点击 “Nest >”

36、++Database Edition++

选择第一个企业版

37、++Installation Location++

确定数据软件的安装路径,自动读取前面Oracle环境变量中配置的值

点击 “Nest >”

38、++Create Inventory++

选择默认,不做修改

点击 “Nest >”

39、++Operation System Groups++

全部使用dba用户组

点击 “Nest >”

40、++Prepequisite Checks++

按照提示信息一个一个解决

点击 “Nest >”

PS:pdksh安装

1、卸载已安装的ksh

[root@localhost Desktop]# rpm -e pdksh[root@localhost Desktop]# rpm -e ksh

2、下载pdksh-5.2.14-21.x86_64.rpm

3、安装

[root@localhost Desktop]#rpm-ivhpdksh-5.2.14-21.x86_64.rpm–force–nodeps

按提示解决缺少的依赖包,之后点击 “Check Again”

4、弹窗,第一个看不到按键alt+y;第二个弹窗看不到按键enter。

可以忽略缺少的32bit依赖包

41、++Summary++

点击 “Finsh”

42、++Install Product++

在此过程中,安装界面会变成黑色,有一长条出现(其实是一个提示框),调整高度与宽度查看,

或者可以直接右键选择close

43、++Finish++

执行:/data/oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/root.sh

文章来源于互联网,如有雷同请联系站长删除:centos 安装oracle 11g r2(一)—–软件安装

发表评论