官网提供的 RHEL/CentOS 安装方法

nginx官网:Linux packages

1:先添加nginx yum源,分为稳定版和开发版,复制其中一个
nginx yum源
2:新建 nginx.repo 文件,添加上面复制的源并保存
[root@localhost etc]# vim /etc/yum.repos.d/nginx.repo
3:保存后查看是否添加成功,输入 yum list | grep nginx 命令
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# yum list | grep nginx
nginx.x86_64                                1:1.16.1-1.el7.ngx         nginx-stable
nginx-debug.x86_64                          1:1.8.0-1.el7.ngx          nginx-stable
nginx-debuginfo.x86_64                      1:1.16.1-1.el7.ngx         nginx-stable
nginx-module-geoip.x86_64                   1:1.16.1-1.el7.ngx         nginx-stable
nginx-module-geoip-debuginfo.x86_64         1:1.16.1-1.el7.ngx         nginx-stable
nginx-module-image-filter.x86_64            1:1.16.1-1.el7.ngx         nginx-stable
nginx-module-image-filter-debuginfo.x86_64  1:1.16.1-1.el7.ngx         nginx-stable
nginx-module-njs.x86_64                     1:1.16.1.0.3.5-1.el7.ngx   nginx-stable
nginx-module-njs-debuginfo.x86_64           1:1.16.1.0.3.5-1.el7.ngx   nginx-stable
nginx-module-perl.x86_64                    1:1.16.1-1.el7.ngx         nginx-stable
nginx-module-perl-debuginfo.x86_64          1:1.16.1-1.el7.ngx         nginx-stable
nginx-module-xslt.x86_64                    1:1.16.1-1.el7.ngx         nginx-stable
nginx-module-xslt-debuginfo.x86_64          1:1.16.1-1.el7.ngx         nginx-stable
nginx-nr-agent.noarch                       2.0.0-12.el7.ngx           nginx-stable
pcp-pmda-nginx.x86_64                       4.1.0-5.el7_6              updates  
4:然后直接使用 yum install nginx 安装命令进行安装即可
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# yum install nginx
5:安装完成后使用 nginx -v 即可查看当前安装nginx版本
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# nginx -v
nginx version: nginx/1.16.1
nginx安装目录功能讲解
使用 rpm -ql nginx 命令查看nginx安装目录
[root@localhost ~]# rpm -ql nginx
/etc/logrotate.d/nginx
/etc/nginx
/etc/nginx/conf.d
/etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf
/etc/nginx/fastcgi_params
/etc/nginx/koi-utf
/etc/nginx/koi-win
/etc/nginx/mime.types
/etc/nginx/modules
/etc/nginx/nginx.conf
/etc/nginx/scgi_params
/etc/nginx/uwsgi_params
/etc/nginx/win-utf
/etc/sysconfig/nginx
/etc/sysconfig/nginx-debug
/usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx-debug.service
/usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service
/usr/lib64/nginx
/usr/lib64/nginx/modules
/usr/libexec/initscripts/legacy-actions/nginx
/usr/libexec/initscripts/legacy-actions/nginx/check-reload
/usr/libexec/initscripts/legacy-actions/nginx/upgrade
/usr/sbin/nginx
/usr/sbin/nginx-debug
/usr/share/doc/nginx-1.16.1
/usr/share/doc/nginx-1.16.1/COPYRIGHT
/usr/share/man/man8/nginx.8.gz
/usr/share/nginx
/usr/share/nginx/html
/usr/share/nginx/html/50x.html
/usr/share/nginx/html/index.html
/var/cache/nginx
/var/log/nginx
Nginx日志轮转,用于logrotate服务的日志切割:

/etc/logrotate.d/nginx

nginx主配置文件:

/etc/nginx
/etc/nginx/nginx.conf
/etc/nginx/conf.d
/etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf

cgi配置相关,fastcgi配置:

/etc/nginx/fastcgi_params
/etc/nginx/scgi_params
/etc/nginx/uwsgi_params

编码转换映射转化文件:

/etc/nginx/koi-utf
/etc/nginx/koi-win
/etc/nginx/win-utf

设置http协议的Content-Type与扩展名对应关系:

/etc/nginx/mime.types

用于配置出系统守护进程管理器管理方式:

/etc/sysconfig/nginx
/etc/sysconfig/nginx-debug
/usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx-debug.service
/usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service

nginx服务的启动管理的终端命令:

/usr/sbin/nginx
/usr/sbin/nginx-debug

nginx模块目录:

/etc/nginx/modules
/usr/lib64/nginx/modules

nginx的手册和帮助文件:

/usr/share/doc/nginx-1.16.1
/usr/share/doc/nginx-1.16.1/COPYRIGHT
/usr/share/man/man8/nginx.8.gz

nginx的缓存目录:

/var/cache/nginx

nginx的日志目录:

/var/log/nginx

文章来源于互联网,如有雷同请联系站长删除:CentOS7安装nginx

发表评论