—————-CentOS6.5下安装JDK1.7+MYSQL5.5+TOMCAT7+nginx1.7.5环境安装文档———————–


【JDK1.7安装】


1)登录Sun的JDK官方下载网 址:http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/jdk7-downloads-1880260.html

2)下载jdk-7u67-linux-x64.rpm文件

》删除系统自带OpenJDK

CentOs6.5 默认会安装OpenOffice之类,需要JAVA支持,系统默认安装了一个openjdk1.7版本

java -version

java version “1.7.0”

OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 1.7.0-b09)

OpenJDK Client VM (build 1.7.0-b09, mixed mode)

备注:

无须删除原有的openjdk;否则,与之相关的openoffice等软件,也会自动随之删除;

如果直接”应用程序-添加/删除软件–基本系统–java“删除其他相关软件也会自动删除,所以删除前,最好安装配置好新的JDK环境

  1. 删除原有的JDK:

rpm -qa|grep jdk

查看安装的JDK,会显示多个java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0相关的程序,在以下一一卸载。直到删完为止,如下:

rpm -e –nodeps java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.65-2.5.1.2.el6_5.x86_64

rpm -e –nodeps java-1.7.0-openjdk-devel-1.7.0.65-2.5.1.2.el6_5.x86_64

rpm -e –nodeps java-1.7.0-openjdk-demo-1.7.0.65-2.5.1.2.el6_5.x86_64

……

rpm -qa|grep java

查看安装的JAVA关联程序,在以下一一卸载。直到删完为止,如下:

rpm -e –nodeps tzdata-java-2014h-1.el6.noarch

……

》配置新的JDK环境

1)把安装文件文件保存在/usr/java/tools下 ,并切换到root用户

mkdir /usr/java 创建/urs/java目录

cd /usr/java/

rpm -ivh ./tools/jdk-7u67-linux-x64.rpm

》配置jdk1.6.0_22环境变量

vi /etc/profile

JAVA_HOME=/usr/java/jdk1.7.0_79

JRE_HOME=/usr/java/jdk1.7.0_79/jre

PATH=PATH:JAVA_HOME/bin:$JRE_HOME/bin

CLASSPATH=:JAVA_HOME/lib/dt.jar:JAVA_HOME/lib/tools.jar:$JRE_HOME/lib

export JAVA_HOME JRE_HOME PATH CLASSPATH

》使环境变量生效:

#source /etc/profile

》测试安装

1)查看版本号

java -version

java version “1.7.0_67”

Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.7.0_67-b01)

Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 24.65-b04, mixed mode)

Java HotSpot(TM) Client VM (build 17.1-b03, mixed mode, sharing)

说明成功了。


【MYSQL5.5的安装】


安装方式分为rpm和源码编译安装两种,本文是采用mysql源码编译方式,编译器使用Cmake。软件需要mysql-5.5.40.tar.gz和cmake-2.8.10.2.tar.gz,请自行下载。

》下载地址:

http://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/mysql-5.5.40.tar.gz

http://www.cmake.org/files/v2.8/cmake-2.8.10.2.tar.gz

其中mysql使用最新的稳定版本,即最新试用版的上一个版本,且非rc或者alpha的版本,Cmake直接用的最新版。

》上传mysql-5.5.40.tar.gz和cmake-2.8.10.2.tar.gz到/usr/java/tools文件夹下。

》CentOS安装g++和ncurses-devel

yum install gcc-c++

yum install ncurses-devel

》cmake的安装

mkdir -p /usr/java/make

cd /usr/java/make

mv ../tools/cmake-2.8.10.2.tar.gz ./

tar -zxv -f cmake-2.8.10.2.tar.gz

cd cmake-2.8.10.2

./configure

make

make install

》将cmake永久加入系统环境变量

》用vi在文件/etc/profile文件中增加变量,使其永久有效,

vi /etc/profile

》在文件PATH中加入MAKE_PATH环境变量:

JAVA_HOME=/usr/java/jdk1.7.0_67

JRE_HOME=/usr/java/jdk1.7.0_67/jre

MAKE_PATH=/usr/java/cmake/cmake-2.8.10.2/bin

PATH=MAKE_PATH:PATH:JAVA_HOME/bin:JRE_HOME/bin

CLASSPATH=:JAVA_HOME/lib/dt.jar:JAVA_HOME/lib/tools.jar:$JRE_HOME/lib

export JAVA_HOME JRE_HOME PATH CLASSPATH

》执行以下代码使刚才的修改生效:

source /etc/profile

》用 export 命令查看PATH值

echo $PATH

》创建mysql的安装目录及数据库存放目录

mkdir -p /usr/java/mysql //安装mysql

mkdir -p /usr/java/mysql/data //存放数据库

》创建mysql用户及用户组

groupadd mysql

useradd -r -g mysql mysql

》编译安装mysql

cd /usr/java/mysql

tar zxvf ../tools/mysql-5.5.40.tar.gz

cd mysql-5.5.40/

cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/java/mysql

-DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/usr/java/mysql/mysql.sock

-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8

-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci

-DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1

-DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1

-DWITH_MEMORY_STORAGE_ENGINE=1

-DWITH_READLINE=1

-DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1

-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/usr/java/mysql/data

-DMYSQL_USER=mysql

-DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=6666

make

make install

》检验是否安装成功

cd /usr/java/mysql

[root@fiona mysql]# ls

bin data include lib mysql-5.5.40 mysql-test scripts sql-bench

COPYING docs INSTALL-BINARY man mysql.sock README share support-files

有bin等以上文件的话,恭喜你已经成功安装了mysql。

》配置mysql

》设置mysql目录权限

cd /usr/java/mysql //把当前目录中所有文件的所有者设为root,所属组为mysql

chown -R root:mysql .

chown -R mysql:mysql data

》将mysql的启动服务添加到系统服务中

cp support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf

cp:是否覆盖”/etc/my.cnf”? y

》创建系统数据库的表

cd /usr/java/mysql

scripts/mysql_install_db –user=mysql

》设置环境变量

vi /root/.bash_profile

在修改PATH=PATH:HOME/bin为:

PATH=PATH:HOME/bin:/usr/java/mysql/bin:/usr/java/mysql/lib

source /root/.bash_profile //使刚才的修改生效

》手动启动mysql

./bin/mysqld_safe –user=mysql & //启动MySQL,但不能停止

mysqladmin -u root -p shutdown //此时root还没密码,所以为空值,提示输入密码时,直接回车即可。

》将mysql的启动服务添加到系统服务中

cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql

》启动mysql

service mysql start

Starting MySQL… ERROR! The server quit without updating PID file (/usr/java/mysql/data/localhost.localdomain.pid).

》启动失败:

》我这里是权限问题,先改变权限

chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/java/mysql

》接着启动服务器

/etc/init.d/mysql start

》修改MySQL的root用户的密码以及打开远程连接

mysql -u root mysql

mysql> use mysql;

mysql> desc user;

mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON . TO root@”%” IDENTIFIED BY “root”; //为root添加远程连接的能力

mysql> update user set Password = password(‘x123456.’) where User=’root’; //设置root用户密码

mysql> select Host,User,Password from user where User=’root’;

mysql> flush privileges;

mysql> exit

》重新登录

mysql -u root -p

enter password:x123456.000

》若还不能进行远程连接,关闭防火墙

[root@localhost]# /etc/rc.d/init.d/iptables stop

用远程工具连接上了表示成功了。


【TOMCAT7.0的安装】


》先下载apache-tomcat-7.0.56.tar.gz

》下载地下:http://mirrors.hust.edu.cn/apache/tomcat/tomcat-7/v7.0.56/bin/apache-tomcat-7.0.56.tar.gz

cd /usr/java

tar -zxvf ./tools/apache-tomcat-7.0.56.tar.gz

cd /etc/rc.d/init.d

vi tomcat

#———-输入以下信息———————

#

chkconfig: 345 80 15

description: Tomcat is a Servlet+JSP Engine.

Enter the jdk installation directory

jdk_File=/usr/java/jdk1.7.0_67

Enter the tomcat installation directory

tomcat_File=/usr/java/apache-tomcat-7.0.56

export JAVA_HOME=$jdk_File

Source function library.

. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

start(){

if [ -z (/sbin/pidof java) ]; then

echo “Starting tomcat”tomcat_File/bin/startup.sh

touch /var/lock/subsys/tomcat

else

echo “tomcat allready running”

fi

}

stop(){

if [ ! -z (/sbin/pidof java) ]; then

echo “Shutting down tomcat”tomcat_File/bin/shutdown.sh

until [ -z (/sbin/pidof java) ]; do :; done

rm -f /var/lock/subsys/tomcat

else

echo “tomcat not running”

fi

}

case “1″ in

start)

start

;;

stop)

stop

;;

restart)

stop

start

;;

status)

tomcat_File/bin/catalina.sh version

;;

*)

echo “Usage:0 {start|stop|restart|status}”

esac

exit 0

#———-输入以下信息———————

:wq! #保存退出

chmod 755 /etc/rc.d/init.d/tomcat #添加执行权限

chkconfig –add tomcat #添加服务

chkconfig tomcat on #设置开机启动

service tomcat stop #停止

service tomcat start #启动

service tomcat restart #重启

service tomcat status #查看状态信息

————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————

【nginx-1.7.6.tar.gz的安装】


》先下载nginx-1.7.6.tar.gz

》下载URL:http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.7.6.tar.gz

》把nginx-1.7.6.tar.gz放到/usr/java/tools目录下

cd /usr/local/

tar -zxvf /usr/java/tools/nginx-1.7.5.tar.gz

cd nginx-1.7.6/

yum -y install pcre-devel

yum install -y zlib-devel

./configure

make && make install

cd /usr/local/nginx

cd sbin

./nginx

/etc/rc.d/init.d/iptables stop

》配置服务器启动方式

vi /etc/init.d/nginx

#———输入以下信息——————

nginx Startup script for the Nginx HTTP Server

it is v.0.0.2 version.

chkconfig: – 85 15

description: Nginx is a high-performance web and proxy server.

It has a lot of features, but it’s not for everyone.

processname: nginx

pidfile: /software/nginx/logs/nginx.pid

config: /software/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

nginxd=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx

nginx_config=/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

nginx_pid=/usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid

RETVAL=0

prog=”nginx”

Source function library.

. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

Source networking configuration.

. /etc/sysconfig/network

Check that networking is up.

[ {NETWORKING} = “no” ] && exit 0

[ -xnginxd ] || exit 0

Start nginx daemons functions.

start() {

if [ -e $nginx_pid ];then

echo “nginx already running….”

exit 1

fi

echo -n "Startingprog: ”

daemon nginxd -c{nginx_config}

RETVAL=?

echo

[RETVAL = 0 ] && touch /var/lock/subsys/nginx

return $RETVAL

}

Stop nginx daemons functions.

stop() {

echo -n "Stoppingprog: ”

killproc nginxd

RETVAL=?

echo

[ $RETVAL = 0 ] && rm -f /var/lock/subsys/nginx /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid

}

reload() {

echo -n "Reloadingprog: ”

#kill -HUP cat ${nginx_pid}

killproc nginxd -HUP

RETVAL=?

echo

}

See how we were called.

case “1″ in

start)

start

;;

stop)

stop

;;

reload)

reload

;;

restart)

stop

start

;;

status)

statusprog

RETVAL=$?

;;

*)

echo "Usage:prog {start|stop|restart|reload|status|help}”

exit 1

esac

exit $RETVAL

#———输入以下信息——————

chmod 755 /etc/init.d/nginx && chkconfig nginx on

service nginx start

service nginx stop

service nginx restart

ps -ef | grep nginx

netstat -pant | grep 80

》测试在浏览器中输入广域网IP看看能不能看到欢迎界面,如果能就表示成功了。

————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————

【配置规则】


vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables

增加如下配置:

-A INPUT -m state –state NEW -m tcp -p tcp –dport 80 -j ACCEPT

-A INPUT -m state –state NEW -m tcp -p tcp –dport 8888 -j ACCEPT

-A INPUT -m state –state NEW -m tcp -p tcp –dport 6666 -j ACCEPT

service iptables restart

》系统启动的方式为自启动

chkconfig mysql on

chkconfig nginx on

chkconfig tomcat on


所有环境安装完成。欢迎使用CentOS6.5,祝大家一用便会。

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