自定义异常结构体

package model

type BusinessException struct {
    Status  int    `json:"status"`
    Code    string `json:"code"`
    Message string `json:"message"`
    Trace   string `json:"trace"`
}

func (e *BusinessException) Error() string {
    return e.Trace
}

其中mvcApp.HandleError用来处理异常,app.OnAnyErrorCode用来返回自定义的结果

package main

import (
    "fmt"
    "io"
    "os"
    "strings"
    "time"

    _ "github.com/go-sql-driver/mysql"
    "github.com/hashicorp/consul/api"
    "github.com/kataras/iris/v12"
    "github.com/kataras/iris/v12/middleware/logger"
    "github.com/kataras/iris/v12/mvc"
    "xorm.io/xorm"

    "ydyun360.cn/member-service/configuration"
    "ydyun360.cn/member-service/controller"
    "ydyun360.cn/member-service/model"
    "ydyun360.cn/member-service/service"
)

/*
读取本地配置
读取Consul配置
合并本地配置和Consul配置
初始化数据库
注册服务
初始化组件和服务
注册控制器
初始化iris
*/

const (
    LOG_DELETE_FILE_ON_EXIT = false
)

var (
    config        *configuration.SpringConfiguration
    consulClient  *api.Client
    registration  *api.AgentServiceRegistration
    orm           *xorm.Engine
    EXCLUDE_PATHS = [...]string{
        configuration.HEALTH_CHECK_URL,
    }
    EXCLUDE_EXTENSIONS = [...]string{
        ".js",
        ".css",
        ".jpg",
        ".png",
        ".ico",
        ".svg",
    }
)

var (
    syncService service.SyncService
)

func main() {
    initConfig()

    app := iris.Default()

    app.Use(iris.Gzip)

    mvcApp := mvc.New(app)

    mvcApp.HandleError(func(ctx iris.Context, err error) {
        file, line := ctx.HandlerFileLine()

        if ex, ok := err.(*model.BusinessException); ok {
            ctx.StatusCode(ex.Status)
            ctx.Values().Set("code", ex.Code)
            ctx.Values().Set("message", ex.Message)
            ctx.Values().Set("trace", fmt.Sprintf("%s:%dn%s", file, line, ex.Message))
        } else {
            ctx.StatusCode(500)
            ctx.Values().Set("code", "")
            ctx.Values().Set("message", err.Error())
            ctx.Values().Set("trace", fmt.Sprintf("%s:%dn%s", file, line, err.Error()))
        }
    })

    logFile := newLogFile()

    defer func() {
        logFile.Close()

        if LOG_DELETE_FILE_ON_EXIT {
            os.Remove(logFile.Name())
        }
    }()

    r := newRequestLogger(logFile)

    app.Use(r)

    app.OnAnyErrorCode(r, func(ctx iris.Context) {
        ctx.JSON(iris.Map{
            "status":  ctx.GetStatusCode(),
            "code":    ctx.Values().GetStringDefault("code", ""),
            "message": ctx.Values().GetStringDefault("message", ""),
            "trace":   ctx.Values().GetStringDefault("trace", "")})
    })

    iris.RegisterOnInterrupt(func() {
        fmt.Println("开始清理...")

        if err := consulClient.Agent().ServiceDeregister(registration.ID); err != nil {
            fmt.Printf("注销服务接异常 : %vn", err)
        } else {
            fmt.Println("正常注销服务")
        }

        if err := orm.Close(); err != nil {
            fmt.Printf("关闭数据库链接异常 : %vn", err)
        } else {
            fmt.Println("正常关闭数据库链接")
        }

        fmt.Println("完成清理...")
    })

    initService()
    initMvc(mvcApp)

    app.Listen(fmt.Sprintf(":%d", config.Server.Port), iris.WithOptimizations, iris.WithTimeFormat(config.DateTimeFormat))
}

func initConfig() {
    localConfig, err := configuration.ReadFromFile("bootstrap.yml")

    if err != nil {
        panic("读取本地配置文件bootstrap.yml发生异常")
    }

    consulClient, err = configuration.GetConsulClient(localConfig)

    if err != nil {
        panic("初始化Consul发生异常")
    }

    consulConfig, err := configuration.ReadFromConsul(consulClient, configuration.GetConsulConfigKey(localConfig))

    if err != nil {
        panic("读取Consul配置发生异常")
    }

    configuration.Merge(localConfig, consulConfig)

    orm, err = configuration.GetXormEngine(localConfig)

    if err != nil {
        panic("初始化数据库发生异常")
    }

    config = localConfig

    registration, err = configuration.RegisterConsul(consulClient, localConfig)

    if err != nil {
        panic("注册服务发生异常")
    }
}

func newRequestLogger(newWriter io.Writer) iris.Handler {
    c := logger.Config{}

    c.AddSkipper(func(ctx iris.Context) bool {
        path := ctx.Path()

        for _, p := range EXCLUDE_PATHS {
            if strings.HasPrefix(path, p) {
                return true
            }

        }

        for _, ext := range EXCLUDE_EXTENSIONS {
            if strings.HasSuffix(path, ext) {
                return true
            }
        }
        return false
    })

    c.LogFuncCtx = func(ctx iris.Context, latency time.Duration) {
        datetime := time.Now().Format(ctx.Application().ConfigurationReadOnly().GetTimeFormat())
        message := ctx.Values().GetString("message")

        file, line := ctx.HandlerFileLine()
        source := fmt.Sprintf("%s:%dn%s", file, line, message)

        jsonStr := fmt.Sprintf(`{"@timestamp":"%s","level":"%s","latency": "%s","ip":"%s""status": %d,"method":"%s","path":"%s","message":"%s"}`,
            datetime, "INFO", latency.String(), ctx.RemoteAddr(), ctx.GetStatusCode(), ctx.Method(), ctx.Path(), source)

        fmt.Fprintln(newWriter, jsonStr)
    }

    return logger.New(c)
}

func todayFilename() string {
    return fmt.Sprintf("%s.log", time.Now().Format(config.DateFormat))
}

func newLogFile() *os.File {
    path := "./logs"
    filename := fmt.Sprintf("%s/%s", path, todayFilename())

    if _, err := os.Stat(path); os.IsNotExist(err) {
        os.Mkdir(path, 0777)
        os.Chmod(path, 0777)
    }

    f, err := os.OpenFile(filename, os.O_CREATE|os.O_WRONLY|os.O_APPEND, 0666)

    if err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }

    return f
}

func initService() {
    syncService = service.NewSyncService(orm)
}

func initMvc(mvcApp *mvc.Application) {
    mvcApp.Party("/sync").Configure(sync)
}

func sync(app *mvc.Application) {
    app.Register(syncService)
    app.Handle(new(controller.SyncServiceController))
}

文章来源于互联网:iris的异常处理及返回统一自定义异常

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