一、在安装FastDFS之前必须先安装libevent,安装libevent步骤如下:

1.下载libevent:

wgethttps://github.com/downloads/libevent/libevent/libevent-2.0.21-stable.tar.gz

2.解压libevent:

tar -zxvpf libevent-2.0.21-stable.tar.gz

3.进入解压目录:

cd libevent-2.0.21-stable

4.指定安装目录:

./configure –prefix=/usr/local/libevent-2.0.21

5.安装libevent:

make

make install

二、安装FastDFS步骤如下:

1.下载FastDFS:

wgethttp://fastdfs.googlecode.com/files/FastDFS_v4.06.tar.gz

2.解压FastDFS:

tar xvf FastDFS_v4.06.tar.gz

3.进入解压目录:

cd FastDFS

4.修改FastDFS的安装文件:

vi make.sh

TARGET_PREFIX=/usr/local/FastDFS  —安装路径

TARGET_CONF_PATH=/etc/fdfs  —配置文件路径

WITH_LINUX_SERVICE=1   —是否为linux服务

5.指定libevent的lib目录:

./make.sh C_INCLUDE_PATH=/usr/local/libevent-2.0.21/include LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/libevent-2.0.21/lib

6.安装FastDFS:

./make.sh install

7.设置软连接(否则编译nginx时会出错)

ln -sv /usr/local/FastDFS/include/fastcommon /usr/local/include/fastcommon

ln -sv /usr/local/FastDFS/include/fastdfs /usr/local/include/fastdfs

ln -sv /usr/local/FastDFS/lib/libfastcommon.so /usr/local/lib/libfastcommon.so

ln -sv /usr/local/FastDFS/lib/libfastcommon.so.1 /usr/local/lib/libfastcommon.so.1

ln -sv /usr/local/FastDFS/lib/libfdfsclient.so /usr/local/lib/libfdfsclient.so

ln -sv /usr/local/FastDFS/lib/libfdfsclient.so.1 /usr/local/lib/libfdfsclient.so.1

三、在安装Nginx之前,需要安装gcc、 openssl-devel、 pcre-devel和zlib-devel软件库,具体如下:

yum install gcc-c++

yum install openssl-devel

yum install pcre-devel

yum install zlib-devel

四、安装Nginx和fastdfs-nginx-module

wgethttp://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.6.0.tar.gz

wgethttp://fastdfs.googlecode.com/files/fastdfs-nginx-module_v1.15.tar.gz

将安装包文件上传到/usr/local中执行以下操作:

1.进入文件目录:

cd /usr/local

2.解压安装包:

tar -zxv -f nginx-1.6.0.tar.gz

tar -xvf fastdfs-nginx-module_v1.15.tar.gz

3.修改安装包目录名称:

mv nginx-1.6.0 nginx

4.进入安装包目录:

cd /usr/local/nginx

5.配置安装目录:

./configure –prefix=/usr/local/nginx –conf-path=/usr/local/nginx/nginx.conf  –add-module=/usr/local/fastdfs-nginx-module/src

6.安装Nginx:

make

make install

7.修改防火墙:

vi + /etc/sysconfig/iptables

8.添加配置项

-A INPUT -m state –state NEW -m tcp -p tcp –dport 80 -j ACCEPT

9.重启防火墙:

service iptables restart

10.将libfastcommon.so、libfastcommon.so.1、libfdfsclient.so、libfdfsclient.so.1复制到/usr/lib,否则nginx启动会报错。

Nginx的操作:

启动:

/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -c /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

或者

cd /usr/local/nginx/sbin

./nginx

如果启动找不到

error while loading shared libraries: libfdfsclient.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

error while loading shared libraries: libfastcommon.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

请使用以下软连接

[root@localhost lib]# ln -s /usr/local/FastDFS/lib/libfastcommon.so /usr/lib/libfastcommon.so

[root@localhost lib]# ln -s /usr/local/FastDFS/lib/libfastcommon.so /usr/lib64/libfastcommon.so

[root@localhost lib]# ln -s /usr/local/FastDFS/lib/libfastcommon.so /usr/lib64/libfastcommon.so

[root@localhost lib]# ln -s /usr/local/FastDFS/lib/libfdfsclient.so /usr/lib/libfdfsclient.so

[root@localhost lib]# ln -s /usr/local/FastDFS/lib/libfdfsclient.so /usr/lib64/libfdfsclient.so

停止服务:

#查询nginx主进程号

ps -ef | grep nginx

#停止进程

kill -QUIT 主进程号

#快速停止

kill -TERM 主进程号

#强制停止

pkill -9 nginx

重启:

/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload

五、配置tracker server:

1. vi /etc/fdfs/tracker.conf

bind_addr=192.168.227.128

base_path=/home/tracker/fastdfs

vi /etc/fdfs/client.conf

base_path=/home/tracker/fastdfs

tracker_server=192.168.20.200:22122

http.tracker_server_port=8080

2.配置防火墙:

iptables -I INPUT -p tcp -m state –state NEW -m tcp –dport 22122 -j

3.保存配置:

/etc/init.d/iptables save

4. 启动 tracker

/usr/local/FastDFS/bin/fdfs_trackerd /etc/fdfs/tracker.conf

在启动时报错:

/usr/local/bin/fdfs_trackerd: error while loading shared libraries: libevent-2.0.so.5: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

执行下面的命令即可正常启动:

echo ‘/usr/local/libevent-2.0.21/include/’ >> /etc/ld.so.conf

echo ‘/usr/local/libevent-2.0.21/lib/’ >> /etc/ld.so.conf

ldconfig

5. 查看监听程序:

netstat -ntpl | grep fdfs

6. 查看日志文件:

cat /home/tracker/fastdfs/logs/trackerd.log

7.添加开机启动命令行:

vim /etc/rc.d/rc.local

/usr/local/FastDFS/bin/fdfs_trackerd /etc/fdfs/tracker.conf restart

六、配置storage server

1. vi /etc/fdfs/storage.conf

group_name=group1

bind_addr=192.168.227.130

base_path=/home/storage/fastdfs

store_path0=/home/storage/fastdfs

tracker_server=192.168.227.130:22122

http.server.port=80

2. cp /usr/local/fastdfs-nginx-module/src/mod_fastdfs.conf /etc/fdfs/

3. vi /etc/fdfs/mod_fastdfs.conf

base_path=/home/storage1/fastdfs

group_name=group1

store_path0=/home/stroage1/fastdfs

tracker_server=192.168.227.128:22122

url_have_group_name = true

group_count = 0

4. vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

location /group1/M00 {

root /home/storage1/fastdfs/data;

ngx_fastdfs_module;

}

5.配置防火墙:

iptables -I INPUT -p tcp -m state –state NEW -m tcp –dport 23000 -j ACCEPT

6.保存配置:

/etc/init.d/iptables save

7.启动 storage

/usr/local/FastDFS/bin/fdfs_storaged /etc/fdfs/storage.conf

8. 查看监听程序:

netstat -ntpl | grep fdfs

9. 查看日志文件:

cat /home/storage/fastdfs/logs/storaged.log

七、测试:

/usr/local/FastDFS/bin/fdfs_test /etc/fdfs/client.conf upload /etc/passwd

结果如下:

This is FastDFS client test program v4.06

Copyright (C) 2008, Happy Fish / YuQing

FastDFS may be copied only under the terms of the GNU General

Public License V3, which may be found in the FastDFS source kit.

Please visit the FastDFS Home Pagehttp://www.csource.org/

for more detail.

[2014-06-03 20:26:21] DEBUG – base_path=/home/client/fastdfs, connect_timeout=30, network_timeout=60, tracker_server_count=1, anti_steal_token=0, anti_steal_secret_key length=0, use_connection_pool=0, g_connection_pool_max_idle_time=3600s, use_storage_id=0, storage server id count: 0

tracker_query_storage_store_list_without_group:

server 1. group_name=, ip_addr=192.168.227.130, port=23000

group_name=group1, ip_addr=192.168.227.130, port=23000

storage_upload_by_filename

group_name=group1, remote_filename=M00/00/00/wKjjglOOkd2AdZiiAAAFng0Nczs9728851

source ip address: 192.168.227.130

file timestamp=2014-06-03 20:26:21

file size=1438

file crc32=218985275

file url:http://192.168.227.130/group1/M00/00/00/wKjjglOOkd2AdZiiAAAFng0Nczs9728851

storage_upload_slave_by_filename

group_name=group1, remote_filename=M00/00/00/wKjjglOOkd2AdZiiAAAFng0Nczs9728851_big

source ip address: 192.168.227.130

file timestamp=2014-06-03 20:26:21

file size=1438

file crc32=218985275

file url:http://192.168.227.130/group1/M00/00/00/wKjjglOOkd2AdZiiAAAFng0Nczs9728851_big

在浏览器上打开http://192.168.227.130/group1/M00/00/00/wKjjglOOkd2AdZiiAAAFng0Nczs9728851_big

测试成功!!!

参考:

http://www.cnblogs.com/zhoulf/archive/2013/02/09/2909653.html

http://blog.csdn.net/yl_wh/article/details/8784569

http://blog.csdn.net/gaofuqi/article/details/27052155

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