准备

1、下载所需安装包

wget https://www.php.net/distributions/php-7.4.0.tar.gz
wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.17.6.tar.gz

2、安装所需扩展

yum install -y gcc gcc-c++ make cmake bison autoconf wget lrzsz libtool libtool-ltdl-devel freetype-devel libjpeg.x86_64 libjpeg-devel libpng-devel gd-devel python-devel  patch  sudo openssl* openssl openssl-devel ncurses-devel bzip* bzip2 unzip zlib-devel libevent* libxml* libxml2-devel libcurl* curl-devel readline-devel sqlite-devel libsodium-devel https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/7/x86_64/Packages/o/oniguruma-5.9.5-3.el7.x86_64.rpm https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/7/x86_64/Packages/o/oniguruma-devel-5.9.5-3.el7.x86_64.rpm

安装PHP

1、解压-进入目录-生成编译文件

tar -zxvf php-7.4.0.tar.gz
cd php-7.4.0
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php 
   --with-config-file-scan-dir=/usr/local/php/etc/ 
   --with-mhash --with-pdo-mysql 
   --with-openssl --with-mysqli 
   --with-iconv --with-zlib 
   --enable-inline-optimization 
   --disable-debug --disable-rpath 
   --enable-shared --enable-xml 
   --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop 
   --enable-sysvsem --enable-sysvshm --enable-mbregex 
   --enable-mbstring --enable-ftp 
   --enable-pcntl --enable-sockets 
   --with-xmlrpc --enable-soap 
   --without-pear --with-gettext 
   --enable-session --with-curl 
   --enable-opcache --enable-fpm 
   --without-gdbm --enable-fast-install 
   --disable-fileinfo --with-sodium

2、编译 并 安装

make && make install

3、配置文件

  • 1.复制配置文件到安装目录
cp ~/php-7.4.0/php.ini-production /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
  • 2.修改PHP 配置文件 php.ini
vim /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini

内容修改如下:

; 不显示错误,默认
display_errors = Off

; 在关闭display_errors后开启PHP错误日志(路径在php-fpm.conf中配置),默认
log_errors = On

; 字符集,默认
default_charset = "UTF-8"

; 文件上传大小,默认值太小,建议修改10M
upload_max_filesize = 2M

; Maximum size of POST data that PHP will accept.  表单最大值,默认是8M,如果表单含有多图上传,大小可能不够。超过该大小后台收不到 表单数据
post_max_size = 8M

; 设置PHP的扩展库路径,默认被注释了,之后一个文件夹 于 你/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/ 下的文件夹同名。
extension_dir = "/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20151012/"

; 设置PHP的时区
date.timezone = PRC

; 开启opcache,默认是0
[opcache]
; Determines if Zend OPCache is enabled
opcache.enable=1
  • 3.修改php-fpm 的配置文件 php-fpm.conf
vim /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf

内容修改如下

; 去掉里分号,方便以后重启。建议修改
; Default Value: none
; 下面的值最终目录是/usr/local/php/var/run/php-fpm.pid
; 开启后可以平滑重启php-fpm
pid = run/php-fpm.pid

; 设置错误日志的路径,可以默认值
; Note: the default prefix is /usr/local/php/var
; Default Value: log/php-fpm.log, 即/usr/local/php/var/log/php-fpm.log
error_log = /var/log/php-fpm/error.log

; Log等级,可以默认值
; Possible Values: alert, error, warning, notice, debug
; Default Value: notice
log_level = notice

; 后台运行,默认yes,可以默认值
; Default Value: yes
; daemonize = yes

; 引入www.conf文件中的配置,可以默认值
include=/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/*.conf
  • 4.修改 www.conf
vim /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf

内容修改如下:

; 设置用户和用户组,默认都是nobody。可以默认值
user = nginx
group = nginx

; 设置PHP监听
; 下面是默认值,不建议使用。可以默认值
listen = 127.0.0.1:9000
; 根据nginx.conf中的配置fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock;
;listen = /var/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock

######开启慢日志。可以默认值
slowlog = /var/log/php-fpm/$pool-slow.log
request_slowlog_timeout = 10s

4、php-fpm 操作

/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm -t        # php-fpm检测配置文件是否正确
/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm         # php-fpm启动
kill -INT `cat /usr/local/php/var/run/php-fpm.pid`      # php-fpm关闭
kill -USR2 `cat /usr/local/php/var/run/php-fpm.pid`     #php-fpm平滑重启

安装nginx

1、解压-进入目录-生成编译文件

tar -zxvf nginx-1.17.6.tar.gz
cd nginx-1.17.6
./configure 
    --prefix=/usr/local/nginx 
    --with-http_stub_status_module  
    --with-http_ssl_module 
    --with-http_realip_module 
    --with-http_sub_module 
    --with-http_gzip_static_module 
    --with-pcre

2、编译 && 安装

make
make install
  • 测试一下 /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t
nginx: configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf test is successful #测试成功

3、配置文件

  • 1.配置 nginx.conf,执行 vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

内容修改如下

#user  nobody;
worker_processes  1;

error_log  /www/logs/nginx/error.log;
error_log  /www/logs/nginx/error_notice.log  notice;
#error_log  logs/error.log  info;

#pid        logs/nginx.pid;

events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}

http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;
    #access_log  logs/access.log  main;

    sendfile        on;
    #tcp_nopush     on;

    #keepalive_timeout  0;
    keepalive_timeout  65;

    #gzip  on;
    
    #显示目录
    #autoindex on;
    #显示文件大小
    #autoindex_exact_size on;
    #显示文件时间
    #autoindex_localtime on;
    
    include /www/conf/vhosts/*.conf;
}
  • 2.添加网站配置文件
vim /www/conf/vhosts/default.conf

文件内容如下

server{
    listen 80;
    server_name www.test.com;
    root /www/web/default;
    location / {
       #开启 url 美化
        if (!-e request_filename){
            rewrite ^/(.*) /index.php last;
        }
        index index.html index.php;
    }
    location ~ .php {
        include fastcgi.conf;
        fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
        try_files $uri = 404;
    }
}

4、测试 配置

  • 运行 /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t,若测试失败,返回检查执行步骤是否有错误

5、nginx 操作

/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t          # 检测配置文件是否正确
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx             # 启动
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s stop     # 关闭
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload   #平滑重启

The End

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